The risk of Prostate cancer increases with the age, and you should know about the warning signs of prostate cancer. Prostate symptoms itself self-explanatory to know if something is going wrong with your prostate.
What Is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer starts when cells in the prostate gland begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancerous cells and can spread to adjacent and other areas of the body. The prostate is a gland found in males only, it forms a fluid that is part of semen.
The prostate gland lies below the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum. The size of the prostate increases with the man’s age. In younger ages, the size of the prostate gland is about the size of a walnut, but it can be much larger in older men.
Type of Prostate Cancer
The most common type of prostate cancer is adenocarcinoma. Other types of prostate cancers are small cell carcinomas, neuroendocrine tumors, transitional cell carcinoma, and sarcomas. Some prostate cancers grow very fast and spread quickly, but most grow slowly.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer symptoms start generally after the age of fifties. These symptoms can mimic benign prostate enlargement. If you observe any of these symptoms should go to a urologist for screening.
What are the 5 Warning Signs of Prostate Cancer, Early Signs of Prostate Cancer, and what Prostate cancer symptoms? Following are the warning signs of prostate cancer:
- Burning or pain during urination
- Difficulty urinating
- Trouble stopping and starting while urinating
- Weak or interrupted urine flow
- Frequent urination
- More frequent urges to urinate at night
- Blood in urine or semen
- New onsets of erectile dysfunction
What Causes Prostate Cancer
It’s not very clear and not known exactly what causes prostate cancer. There are a number of things that can increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. The growing age is the major factor when changes start in the DNA of cells, these changes (mutation) cause cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells.
However, the cause of prostate cancer is unknown, but it’s believed to be linked to hormonal changes with the growing age of man. African American men are more likely to have prostate cancer than other men.
Family history or genetic risk factors are also contributing to developing prostate cancer. If your first-degree relatives have prostate cancer, then you may have an increased risk of getting prostate cancer.
In many cases, environmental factors include environmental toxins, certain chemicals, or radiation. Other risk factors are:
- Family history and genetic factors
- Geographical locations
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Consuming high levels of calcium
How to Avoid Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is primarily a disease of growing age, as you grow older the chances of prostate cancer increase. The question comes about how to prevent prostate cancer. There is no proven prostate cancer prevention technique but you can reduce the risk of cancer by making some healthy habits and choices. Healthy eating habits and daily exercise can reduce the risk of prostate cancer. The treatment is very effective if you know about the warning signs of prostate cancer:
- Improve your diet, eat more fruits and vegetables
- Reduce fat intake and animal fat
- Maintain healthy weight
- Play some outdoor games and Burn calories faster
- Do regular exercises
- Stop smoking
- Increase Vitamin D3 intake
- Stay sexually active
- Avoid charred meat
- Add green tea and soy
Men in the western world have much higher rates of prostate cancer than men in Asia. However, no one can predict the exact causes and phenomenon, experts suspect differences in diet and eating habits in eastern and western countries. Bad eating habits and diets that heavily rely on fats and animal proteins can cause changes in DNA and lead to prostate cancer.
Treatment for Prostate Cancer
How prostate cancer is treated? In cancer care different types of treatment options are available. Urologists, medical oncologists, and radiation oncologists often work together to develop overall treatment plans that may combine different types of treatments.
Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors, including the type of cancer, stage of cancer, possible side effects, and the patient’s overall health.
Active surveillance is always preferred for those with a very low risk of prostate cancer that can be treated with surgery or radiation therapy. The following testing should be done for active surveillance:
A PSA test every three to six months A DRE at least once a year and a prostate biopsy within 6 to 12 months.
Surgeries involve the removal of the prostate and some surrounding tissues and lymph nodes during the operation. The type of surgery depends on the stage of cancer and the patient’s overall health condition.
- Radical prostatectomy or Radical open prostatectomy (removal of the prostate)
- Robotic Laparoscopic prostatectomy
- Prostatectomy with bilateral Orchiectomy (removal of testicles)
- Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
- External beam radiation therapy
- Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)
- Proton Therapy
- Bone modifying drugs
- Targeted therapy
- Hormonal therapy